Birgunj Gate

Birgunj (also spelt as Birganj) is a metropolitan city bordering with Raxaul of Bihar state of India in the south. It lies 135 km (84 mi) in the south from Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal. Birgunj is the headquarters of Parsa district in the Narayani Zone. It is in Pradesh (state) No. 2, which is yet to be named. Birgunj is also supposed to be the major gateway of Nepal as various things imported from third countries reach their different destinations of the landlocked country, Nepal via this entry point. The city bears significant economic importance, which is connected with roads, air, and also Indian railways in Raxaul. The nearest airport is at Simara, which is only 20 km from Birgunj. Birgunj is currently the second largest city in the Terai region of Nepal (after Biratnagar), and the sixth most populated metropolis of the nation. Birgunj was declared as a Metropolitan City on 22nd of May, 2017.

Rajesh Man Singh, Mayor. 

Imtiyaz Alam, Deputy Mayor

India and Nepal have an open border with no restrictions on the movement of their citizens. There is a customs checkpoint for the movement of goods and third country nationals may need clarification.


Birgunj was founded in 1897 by 3rd Rana Prime Minister Bir Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana; the ancient name was Gahawa.

On 18 May 2006, the parliament of Nepal declared that the country would become a secular state. This led to unrest by Hindu fundamentalist groups across Nepal; the town of Birgunj was forced to close for nearly two years and was disturbed for more than 10 years.

Birgunj was established as a conglomerate of several villages in and around Gahawa Mai Temple. Gahawa Mai Temple remains the epicenter of the town. The settlement was named after the Rana Prime Minister Bir Shamsher, thus acquiring the name Birgunj.

According to the 2011 Census, Birgunj had a population of 133,238. It is the second biggest city in Terai and the fifth biggest city in Nepal after Kathmandu, Pokhara, Lalitpur, and Biratnagar. It serves as the headquarters of the Parsa District. Although Nepali is the official language, the native Bhojpuri language is the main language spoken. In addition to Bhojpuri, several other languages are spoken, including Maithili, Hindi and English.

Birgunj is a major business centre of Nepal, especially for trade with India. Almost all trades with India are operated through this route. The Indian border town of Raxaul has become one of the busiest towns for heavy transportation due to high trade volume. The 29 km (18 mi) distance from Birgunj to Pathlaiya is the busiest highway in Nepal. Most industries are represented, including agriculture, chemicals, textiles, wood, petroleum, etc. Almost 56% of the total products of Birgunj are exported to the Indian state of Bihar.

The 6 km (3.7 mi) railway track from Raxaul to Birgunj was converted to broad gauge two years after the Indian railways converted the track to Raxaul inside India to broad gauge. Now, broad gauge railway line connects Raxaul to the Sirsiya (Birgunj) Inland Container Depot (ICD) that became fully operational in 2005. Talks have been held to reopen the railway route from Birgunj to Amlekhganj in Nepal by converting it to broad gauge because of its socio-economic importance.

Goods are transported to and from India via Birgunj dry port, which is the key terminal of surface cargo delivery to Nepal. This cargo point on the south connects the heart of the country, Kathmandu, via another key industrial city, Hetauda. It is also served by Tribhuvan Highway, extending from the Indian border at Raxaul through Birgunj and Hetauda to Kathmandu with frequent bus service. Simara Airport — 9 mi (14 km) north near the highway in Pipara Simara, Bara district — offers scheduled flights to Kathmandu.

India and Nepal have an open border with no restrictions on the movement of their citizens. There is a customs checkpoint for the movement of goods and third country nationals may need clarification.

The city has two stadiums: Narayani Stadium and Adarshnagar Stadium. It also has the second largest swimming pool of Nepal. Narayani Stadium is Nepal’s second largest stadium after Dasarath Rangasala (stadium). The stadium has capacity of 15000 seats. A national level Cricket Ground is also located beside the Narayani Stadium. The cricket ground has top class outfield and a better Cricket Pitch. National level and Regional level cricket tournaments are regularly held here. Every year day night T20 Cricket Tournaments are held using temporary flood light towers. Day night Cricket match in Nepal was first played here.

The city is known as the cricket hub of Nepal and has Adarsh Nagar Stadium. Nepal national cricket team’s players Haseem Ansari, Aarif Sheikh Avinash Karn and Irshad Ahmed hail from Birgunj. Cricket is popular and is played more than any other games and sports.

Various media houses have been established, which are offering their services in the field of Air, Online, and Print. Many FM radios, online news portals as well as Print of daily, weekly, bi-weekly, monthly, quarterly, yearly, magazine, etc. have emerged rapidly.

Ganesh Chaturthi, Holi, Teej, Krishan Janmasthami, Maha Shivratri, Durgapuja, Chhath, Dipawali, Eid, etc. are major festivals celebrated in Birgunj. Small proportion of the religious diversity of Birgunj is occupied by Buddhists. Thus Buddha Jayanti is also celebrated throughout the city. The culture of this city is not limited to religious diversity but ethnic diversity is found too. People of Madheshi ethnicity occupies greater portion of population which includes castes like Kanu, Gupta, Sah, Singh, Yadav, Mahato, Rauniyar, Kalwar, etc. Marwari people who migrated from Rajasthan are also in great number involved in many economic sectors.


Education was started in town with the establishment of Trijuddha School by Juddha Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana during his regime. This city has made a rapid development in the field of education by the establishment of many private as well as public schools and colleges for quality education, which has stopped many from going out of the city for education and also attracted so many students from neighboring districts like Bara, Rautahat, Siraha, Saptari, Sarlahi, Malangwa, etc.

Thakuram Multiple Campus is the first campus (outside Kathmandu valley) in town as well as in Narayani zone.

Thakur Ram Multiple Campus, one of the popular educational institutions of Nepal was established in 2008 B.S. The campus which is affiliated with Tribhuvan University, offers quality education in Science, Management, Humanities and Education streams in Bachelor’s and Master’s Level.

It also has a state-owned Nursing Campus, which was established in 2032 BS (1975 AD) with Auxiliary Health Worker (AHW) programme and in 2038 BS Health Assistant (HA). The Proficiency Certificate level of Nursing program was started in 2043 B.S. and BNS (Hospital Nursing) Programme in 2068 BS.

It has many Commerce, and Science higher schools and a medical college that is National Medical College Birganj, where students from all over Nepal and also India come to study with the aspirations of becoming doctors.

Birgunj City can also be an education-hub attracting thousands of students from India and other parts of Nepal for their higher studies.

Educational institutions from Medical College, Technical Education, Govt. Schools, Private Schools to Govt. & Private Colleges, are offering their services at reasonable fees structure.

More information about the names of educational institutions, locations, facilities and other details are coming soon…

There are many small as well as large business-houses, which contribute quite a lot to the revenue of the nation.

More information about the names, location and details are coming up…

Narayani Sub-regional Hospital is one of the oldest government hospitals of Nepal. National Medical College and Teaching Hospital and Kedia Dental College under TU programs are two major institutions providing health facilities. There are many other big and small private hospitals, clinics, health centres and international standard diagnostic centres throughout the city. Mostly the people from Parsa, Bara, Rautahat and Raxaul come here for check-ups.

There are AMC Hospital, Krishna Hospital, Birgunj Health Care, Gandak Hospital along with many others providing health facilities 24 hours.

Kedia Eye Hospital has won the trust of many people, so many Indian people come for their eye check-ups and cataract operation in winter season.

Health facilities along with hospitals, clinics, labs, pharmacies are growing rapidly with the growth of population of Birgunj City.

More information about the names of Hospitals, Clinics, Labs, services and other details are coming soon…

From all angles, Birgunj is the safe home for the financial institutions, that’s why, many banks, development banks, finances, co-operatives are in operation without any disturbances.

More information about the names of financial institutions, locations, facilities, their services and other details are coming soon…

Since Birgunj is the headquarters of Parsa district, hundreds of Government and Private Corporate Offices are situated here in Birgunj, which operate their day-to-day works and their units in other accessible places of the district also provide services.

All the administrative works of Parsa district are run from District Administration Office (DAO) located near Ghantaghar Chowk, Birgunj.

Major government offices like District Police Office, Zonal Police Office, Army Barrack, District Postal Office, District Court, Inland Revenue Office, District Forest Office, District Traffic Police Office, Nepal Rastriya Bank, etc. along with others render their day-to-day public services.

More information about the names of govt. as well as private offices, their locations, services and other details are coming soon…

The City welcomes all warmly with great heart, whether they are domestic or foreign tourists, visitors, students, workers, labors, or families on rent.

There are many hotels, lodges, as well as rooms, flats or house to rent for short or long period of pleasant stay here.

More information about the names of Hotels, Lodges, Inns, their locations, facilities and other details are coming soon…


Since Nepal is a landlocked country, it has no direct connectivity with sea. Birgunj is a city which is connected through various facilities of transportation like air, railway, roads, etc.

Birgunj was built as the closest Nepalese city connecting the capital Kathmandu with India. Birgunj railway station was connected by the Nepal Government Railway (NGR) to Raxaul station in Bihar across the border with India. The 47 km (29 mi) railway had extended north to Amlekhganj in Nepal. It was built in 1927 by the British but discontinued beyond Birgunj in December 1965.


After Nepal was declared a secular state, Nepal is no longer a Hindu country. People of castes and creeds live in peace and harmony in Nepal.

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